Wednesday, 8 February 2017


Image result for royalty free images of shin splintsShin splints is also called as medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS).Patient experiences pain along the shin bone (tibia).Shin splint initially when started doesn’t troubles you much but if  ignored can be worse. Patient experiences pain along the inner border of tibia (at the attachment of muscles to the bone).Throbbing pain occurs after running (or when you run to catch a bus). Pain occurs in the front or inner part of the lower leg. Over-pronation or inward twisting of ankle can lead to Shin splints. It is common in athletes , dancers, runners, tennis players. It can also occur in flat foot patients or patients having rigid arches. Exercising with improper footwear can also cause this problem.

Signs and Symptoms

Pain and sometimes mild swelling can occur along the border of tibia. Pain increases on touching the sore spot. Nature of pain is dull aching or sharp, throbbing, can in occur while doing exercise or after exercise.


1. Rest-Give rest to the affected part or switch over to less strenuous, low impact exercises like swimming.
2. Ice packs-Apply ice packs to the affected part as ice will help in reducing inflammation, decrease pain and helps in fast healing.
3.  Elastic compression bandage will prevent further swelling.
4. Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs ( NSAIDs) will help , reduce pain and swelling
5. Orthotics-If the flat foot is associated with the shin splint orthotics should be inserted in the shoes to prevent recurrent shin splints.
Return to exercise is indicated only when you are pain free for at least two weeks. When you start with exercise again, start with low intensity exercises and gradually increase it .Before exercising warm up should be done. Immediately stop exercise if you experience the same pain again.


1. Correct footwear –wear proper fitted shoes while exercising.
2. Use proper orthotics or arch support if you have flat foot.
3. Cross train with low impact activities like swimming, walking etc.
4. Do proper warm up before exercise. Increase intensity of exercise gradually.
5.Strengthening exercises –toe raises should be added to the daily regime. It will strengthen lower leg muscles.

No comments:

Post a Comment